Absolute Zero (2007)

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This two-part scientific detective tale tells the story of a remarkable group of pioneers who wanted to reach the ultimate extreme: absolute zero, a place so cold that the physical world as we know it doesn't exist, electricity flows without resistance, fluids defy gravity and the speed of light can be reduced to 38 miles per hour.
Each film features a strange cast of eccentric characters, including: Clarence Birds Eye; Frederic 'Ice King' Tudor, who founded an empire harvesting ice; and James Dewar, who almost drove himself crazy by trying to liquefy hydrogen.
Absolute zero became the Holy Grail of temperature physicists and is considered the gateway to many new technologies, such as nano-construction, neurological networks and quantum computing. The possibilities, it seems, are limitless.
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E1 - Conquest of Cold
Chronicles the major discoveries leading towards the mastery of cold, beginning with King James I's court magician, Cornelius Drebbel, who managed to air condition the largest interior space in the British Isles in 1620. Other stories will include the first "natural philosopher," Robert Boyle, a founder of the Royal Society in Great Britain; the Grand Duke Ferdinand II de Medici's involvement in the creation of the first thermometer; the establishment of the laws of thermodynamics by three young scientists, Sadi Carnot, James Joule and William Thomson; and Michael Faraday's critical achievement in liquefying several other gases which set the stage for the commercial application of cold to refrigeration and air conditioning.

E2 - Race for Absolute Zero
Focuses on the fierce rivalry that took place in the laboratories in Britain, Holland, France and Poland as they sought the ultimate extreme of cold. The program will follow the extraordinary discoveries of superconductivity and superfluidity and the attempt to produce a new form of matter that Albert Einstein predicted would exist within a few billionths of degrees above absolute zero.

Byzantium: A Tale of Three Cities (2013)

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Historian Simon Sebag Montefiore traces the sacred history of Istanbul. Known as the 'city of the world's desire', it's a place that has been the focus of passion for believers of three different faiths - Paganism, Christianity and Islam - and for nearly 3,000 years its streets have been the battleground for some of the fiercest political and religious conflicts in history.
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E1 - From Byzantium to Constantinople
Simon uncovers the city's ancient Greek roots, maps its transformation into the imperial capital of a Christian Empire by Emperor Constantine the Great and reveals how ecclesiastical clashes forced Eastern and Western Churches apart.

E2 - From Constantinople to Istanbul
Simon explores modern Istanbul in search of the last desperate centuries of Christian Byzantium, in which the once glorious city was buffeted by enemies in both East and West, and yet still produced a golden artistic renaissance. This is story of the Christian crusaders who destroyed the city, and the Ottoman Muslims who restored it to life as an imperial capital after the epic siege of 1453.

E3 - Capital of a New Empire
Simon discovers surprises in Istanbul as it rose to become the imperial capital and Islam's most powerful city. Visiting the great mosques and palaces built by the Ottoman emperors, he tells the stories behind them - of royal concubines, murderous bodyguards and sultans both the powerful and the depraved. He shows how the Christians, Muslims and Jews of the city once co-existed before the waves of nationalist rebellions brought the Ottoman empire to its knees. In the 20th century the ancient capital was once more transformed by the new secular vision of Ataturk.

Taipan – nejjedovatější had světa (2010)

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Bryan Fry je biolog a chemik, a především světově uznávaný odborník na hadí jed. Na nedostatek práce si v rodné Austrálii rozhodně nemůže stěžovat, protože právě zde bylo identifikováno na šedesát hadích druhů, přičemž dvě třetiny z nich se řadí k jedovatým. Podle odborníků žije dokonce až osmdesát procent těch nejjedovatějších plazů právě v Austrálii. Účinky hadích jedů jsou předmětem Bryanova zkoumání. Jeho cílem je zejména objevení nových druhů toxinů pro výrobu léků. Sám nebo s pomocí svého asistenta už odchytil tisíce plazů, kterým odebírá jed. Nyní pátrá po nejjedovatějších hadech světa – po taipanech. Biologové rozeznávají dva druhy: taipana útočného, což je nejjedovatější suchozemský had, a taipana velkého, který zaujímá mezi jedovatými hady třetí příčku. Tento had dorůstá délky až dvou metrů. Je plachý a není agresivní. Ale v případě, že je zahnán do kouta, uštkne protivníka hned několikrát. Taipani jsou také velice aktivní hadi. Stále jsou na lovu a shánějí kořist. V tom je rozdíl mezi taipany a jinými druhy hadů. Například určití hadi na kořist číhají a vydrží při tom nehybně vyčkávat dny i týdny, než se kořist ukáže, a pak se na ni vrhnou. Taipan svou kořist aktivně vyhledává a jakmile ji spatří, bleskově zaútočí. Proto je také jeho odchyt velmi nebezpečnou záležitostí.
Smrtící toxin taipanů je stále ještě málo prozkoumaný a Bryan Fry by to rád změnil. Zatímco některé druhy hadích jedů působí jen na nervovou soustavu, a jiné zase na svaly nebo na krevní oběh, taipaní jed je mimořádný tím, že napadá všechny životně důležité části lidského těla. Je to jednoznačně nejaktivnější a nejsložitější hadí jed, jaký existuje. Po uštknutí tímto hadem dochází k prudkému poklesu krevního tlaku a oběť ztrácí vědomí. Vědci proto pátrají po látkách, které tento efekt způsobují. Znalosti jsou potom využívány při výrobě léků, například přípravků ke snížení krevního tlaku. A výzkum, na němž se Bryan nyní podílí, by měl přispět k tomu, aby se nalezly další možnosti farmakologického využití taipaního jedu.
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Tvorové v nás / Creatures Inside US (2010)

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Vydáte se na fascinující cestu do lidského nitra, které je nejen neobvyklé a skryté, ale i důležité a záhadné. Jedná se o lidské tělo.
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Order and Disorder (2012)

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Professor Jim Al-Khalili investigates the important concepts of energy and information.
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E1 - Energy
Professor Jim Al-Khalili discovers the intriguing story of how we discovered the rules that drive the universe. Energy is vital to us all, but what exactly is energy? In attempting to answer this question Jim investigates a strange set of laws that link together everything from engines to humans to stars. It turns out that energy, so critical to daily existence, actually helps us make sense of the entire universe.

E2 - Information
Professor Jim Al-Khalili investigates one of the most important concepts in the world today - information. He discovers how we harnessed the power of symbols, everything from the first alphabet to the electric telegraph through to the modern digital age. But on this journey he learns that information is not just about human communication, it is woven very profoundly into the fabric of reality.

Mystery of Dark Energy, The (2016)

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Horizon looks at dark energy - the mysterious force that is unexpectedly causing the universe's expansion to speed up.
The effects of dark energy were discovered in 1998 but physicists still don't know what it is. Worse, its very existence calls into question Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity - the cornerstone of modern physics.
The hunt for the identity of dark energy is on. Experiments on earth and in space generate data that might provide a clue, but there are also hopes that another Einstein might emerge - someone who can write a new theory explaining the mystery of the dark energy.
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James Clerk Maxwell: The Man Who Changed the World (2015)

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Professor Iain Stewart reveals the story behind the Scottish physicist who was Einstein's hero; James Clerk Maxwell. Maxwell's discoveries not only inspired Einstein, but they helped shape our modern world - allowing the development of radio, TV, mobile phones and much more.
Despite this, he is largely unknown in his native land of Scotland. Scientist Iain Stewart sets out to change that, and to celebrate the life, work and legacy of the man dubbed 'Scotland's Forgotten Einstein'.
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TTIP: Might is Right (2015)

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The proposed free trade agreement between the US and Europe (TTIP) causes concern about the European right to self-determination. The most controversial part of TTIP is ISDS: investor-state dispute settlement. ISDS will make it possible for companies to sue governments that damage their investments. But is this arbitrage system where a few investment lawyers decide over billions of taxpayers money a protection of our business interests, or a threat to our democracy?
On Saturday, October 10, tens of thousands of European citizens took to the streets, and more than 2.5 million signatures were offered to the European Commission. The source of this concern and protest is the free trade agreement TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership) between the United States and the EU, which would create the world’s largest free-trade zone. According to the Dutch Minister for Foreign Trade Lilianne Ploumen, TTIP could be realized as soon as 2016; the negotiations are well under way. If the EU ratifies the trade agreement, critics fear that the scales will tilt toward North-American standards and values with regard to (food) safety, workers’ and consumer rights. And that when it comes to important collective achievements and protection of its citizens, Europe will give up its right to self-determination.
The part of the trade agreement that’s questioned the most is ISDS, or investor-state dispute settlement, which can be used by companies to dispute a country’s laws and rules, if a company feels unfairly treated. This will enable multinationals to circumvent democratic decisions and existing national jurisdiction. In order to understand the potential consequences of this, VPRO Backlight traveled to Canada, which became one of the most sued countries in the world after it entered into a trade agreement with the US. American companies now summon the Canadian government to appear before an arbitration tribunal if they feel that Canadian rules aren't in compliance with the free trade agreement Nafta. Despite democratic decisions against fracking under Canada's most important river, the Saint Lawrence, the Canadian government was sued for millions of dollars by the oil and shale gas company Lone Pine.
Could this happen in the Netherlands as well? In spite of resistance, the Dutch Minister of Economic Affairs Henk Kamp (VVD) doesn’t rule out the possibility of future fracking in the Netherlands. VPRO Backlight probed the opinions at an information meeting organized by the Dutch Oil and Gas Company in Saaksum, Groningen. The locals there seem more and more convinced that fossil fuels should stay where they are: underground. But then no profit would be made from them anymore. The question is if this could result in ISDS claims in the future. Or should we welcome ISDS? Because it’s also crucial for the position of the Netherlands as a world leader in legal and financial services. It will protect the tens of billions of Dutch foreign investments.
British Korean economist Ha-Joon Chang wonders what free trade really means in this day and age. Because there has long been a largely free movement of goods between the US and EU, with few tariff walls. So whose interest will the controversial TTIP and ISDS serve then? And in the service of whom or what is the law, when it comes to international investment arbitration? Isn't in the end, might right?
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Whistleblower – Alone against the system (2016)

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They risk everything for the truth. But what price do they pay for their revelations? There is a fate behind every scandal. After bringing their dark secrets to light, the informants’ lives have never been the same again.
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Building Wonders (2015)

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In "Building Wonders", NOVA presents three groundbreaking shows that investigate engineering mysteries of the ancient world with the help of dramatic hands-on experiments. In "Colosseum: Roman Death Trap," NOVA explores how the ancient Romans built their vast stadium so they could reenact naval battles and stage spectacles involving hundreds of gladiators and wild animals. In the middle of Jordan's parched desert, a NOVA team investigates the "Petra: Lost City of Stone," once a thriving metropolis of temples, markets, and spectacular tombs carved into cliffs. How did Petra's architects supply running water to this bone-dry canyon for bathhouses, fountains and pools? In "Hagia Sophia: Istanbul's Ancient Mystery," modern architects use medieval tools to figure out why Turkey's massive 1,500 year-old cathedral dome has survived countless quakes in one of the world's most violent seismic zones.
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E1 - Colosseum: Roman Death Trap
One of the ancient world's most iconic buildings, the Colosseum is a monument to Roman imperial power and cruelty. Its graceful lines and harmonious proportions concealed a highly efficient design and advanced construction methods that made hundreds of arches out of 100,000 tons of stone. In its elliptical arena, tens of thousands of gladiators, slaves, prisoners, and wild animals met their deaths. Ancient texts report lions and elephants emerging from beneath the floor, as if by magic, to ravage gladiators and people condemned to death. Then, just as quickly, the Colosseum could be flooded with so much water that ships could engage in sea battles to the delight of the crowd. Now, archaeologists and engineers are teaming up to recreate a 25-foot lifting machine and trap door system capable of releasing a wolf into the Colosseum's arena for the first time in 1,500 years. Do they have what it takes to replicate the innovation and ingenuity of the Romans?

E2 - Petra: Lost City of Stone
More than 2,000 years ago, the thriving city of Petra rose up in the bone-dry desert of what is now Jordan. An oasis of culture and abundance, the city was built by wealthy merchants whose camel caravans transported incense and spices from the Arabian Gulf. They carved spectacular temple-tombs into its soaring cliffs, raised a monumental Great Temple at its heart, and devised an ingenious system that channeled water to vineyards, bathhouses, fountains, and pools. But following a catastrophic earthquake and a slump in its desert trade routes, Petra's unique culture faded and was lost to most of the world for nearly a thousand years. Now, in a daring experiment, an archaeologist and sculptors team up to carve an iconic temple-tomb to find out how the ancient people of Petra built their city of stone. Meanwhile, scientists using remote sensors and hydraulic flumes uncover the vast city and its sophisticated water system. The race is on to discover how these nomads created this oasis of culture in one of the harshest climates on Earth.

E3 - Hagia Sophia: Istanbul's Mystery
Whether serving as Christian church, Islamic mosque, or secular museum, Hagia Sophia and its soaring dome have inspired reverence and awe. For 800 years, it was the largest enclosed building in the world—the Statue of Liberty can fit beneath its dome with room to spare. How has it survived its location on one of the world's most active seismic faults, which has inflicted a dozen devastating earthquakes since it was built in 537? As Istanbul braces for the next big quake, a team of architects and engineers is urgently investigating Hagia Sophia's seismic secrets. Follow engineers as they build a massive 8-ton model of the building's core structure, place it on a motorized shake table, and hit it with a series of simulated quakes, pushing it collapse—a fate that the team is determined to avoid with the real building.

Špatný vTTIP!

Transatlantická obchodní a investiční smlouva (TTIP) je právě projednávaná úmluva nebývalého rozsahu. Má prý vzájemně pomoci ekonomikám EU a USA. Údajný vznik nových pracovních míst ovšem zpochybňují dosavadní zkušenosti s obdobnou dohodou NAFTA a jinými. Dá se očekávat spíše likvidace mnoha podniků, farem i míst pod masivním tlakem dovozů z USA. Pod masivním tlakem USA je ostatně i vyjednávání samotné. To probíhá s vyloučením veřejnosti, v naprostém utajení.

Kvůli odlišně fungujícímu regulačnímu systému navíc mají americké produkty (včetně potravin) často významná rizika zdravotní i environmentální. TTIP také hrozí odstartovat „závod ke dnu“ – drastické zhoršování mnoha životních aspektů občanů v EU i USA ve snaze vyhovět velkému byznysu. Obří zisky by naopak připadly velkým nadnárodním korporacím (jako již uváděné Monsanto nebo Walmart), kterým by již nadále nedokázaly vzdorovat oslabené právní systémy jednotlivých států. Pokud Vám tato situace není lhostejná, neváhejte podpořit celoevropskou iniciativu proti této superúmluvě na vttip.cz nebo stop-ttip.org (popř. stop-ttip.cz).

Update (7/2016): Výše uvedené se zdá potvrzovat i právě přidaný dokument nizozemské veřejnoprávní televize VPRO s názvem TTIP: Might is Right (2015), který se zaměřuje zejména na současnou praxi tzv. arbitrážních tribunálů. A hlavně text uniklé dohody TTIP (naprosté většiny jejích kapitol), kterou zveřejnila organizace Greenpeace na podpora.greenpeace.cz/TTIP. Pro úplnost nutno dodat, že o obchod s ČR/EU se v první řadě nejedná ani Číně a samozřejmě ani Rusku.


 
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